Lithium-Ion Battery Fires
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Lithium-ion batteries have become very common and have gained attention as a fire/explosion cause due to a number of high profile incidents involving hover boards, e-cigarettes, and battery explosions in aircraft cargo holds. They are used in a wide array of portable electronics and power tools, as well as in heavy-duty applications like electric vehicles and energy storage systems. These batteries typically contain an organic electrolyte composed of mixtures of flammable constituents and, thus, when the batteries are damaged, misused, or malfunction, a fire and/or explosion can occur. This program explains what lithium-ion batteries are, how they are constructed, where they are used, safety concerns, and how they can cause fires and explosions.